1. RWA: The Resident Welfare Association is an urban organization and is treated as a 4th tier of area governance, after the union, state and municipal levels. In many municipalities the ward councilor’s jurisdiction is small and close to the people, whereas in the municipal corporations which are called cities (urban local body, generally having more than 3 lakhs population), the ward corporator’s jurisdiction is a bigger area, and the RWAs exist in such cities, in general and will act as 4th tier governance.
2. Cities in India: (Region, State & UT wise): In India there are 29 states and 9 union territories. At present there are 227 municipal corporations (cities) in the country, in which 53 are Metro cities.
North Region: 56 cities; Delhi-4, UP-17, Haryana-9, Punjab-13, J&K-2, Chandigath-1, Uttarakhand8, Himachal Pradesh-2
Eastern Region: 51 cities; Jarkhad-9, Bihar-12, odissa-5, WB-7, Chattisgath-13, NE states-5 (Assam-1, Sikkim-1, Tripura-1, Manipur-1, Mizoram-1)
Southern region: 61 cities; AP-16, Telangana-13, Tamilanadu-15, Kerala-6, Karnataka-11
West Region: 59 cities; Maharasta-27, Gujarath-8, Goa-1, Rajasthan-7, MP-16. 1
3. City Federations: After formation or grouping of 7 RWAs in a city, forming a “City Federation” is needed to guide and develop the RWAs in that city. The cities can be broadly classified into :
(a) Non metro cities (below 10 lakh population)
(b) Metro cities (above 10 lakh population).
a) Non-metro Cities: One single federation can handle the RWAs of that city.
b) Metro cities: As they are big cities, it is difficult to guide the RWAs through a single federation.
For every 3-5 lakh population areas (a part of city) can form one federation as “Area federation” (as a lower tier) and for the city as a whole (as upper tier) there can be the ”CityFederation” thereby making it a two tier-federation. The City Federation will coordinate & assist the Area Federations in that city. In the metro cities the area federations and in the Nonmetro cities, the city federations remain very close to the people and are already playing a vital role in area development.
4. FoRWA: Every state, there should be “Forum of RWAs” (FoRWA) to conduct the Annual conferences at state level and to strengthen the RWAs, within the State. FoRWA shall maintain
contacts with the minister, secretary & director of municipal Administration and work for the Reforms, and also coordinate the RWA federations at state level and help organise RWAs & form
federations in the cities, where there are no RWAs & federations.
5. CoRWA: Now there is a CoRWA, (Confederation of RWAs) formed by Sri Rao V.B.J. Chelikani for conducting national conferences every year at national level in order to pass resolutions on
matters related to the welfare of the residents and to provide a common platform for all the resident welfare associations.
6. Organization Chart:
7. Conclusion: Generally, in the city localities, to solve their problems, people are coming forward to form the RWAs. Already, there are many RWAs in many cities, since long back. But not many Area wise / city federations are formed yet. Similarly, not many ‘state level Forums’ are formed in many states, since it requires more leadership qualities & more commitments on the part of the managers of the resident welfare associations in order to strengthen and develop the RWA movement. The state level Forums will be useful to discuss on reforms on urban development, and about municipal structures / organization and municipal programmes with the municipal directors / secretary / minister. Every year, FoRWAs, and CoRWA should publish the yearly national status reports and magazines showing the evolution of the RWAs within their Jurisdiction and the progress made by them.
President, Nellore welfare Federation,